Phat Diem stone cathedral - a precious jewel with Asian-European architectural beauty, is one of the 5 most famous ancient churches over 100 years old recognized by Vietnam Record Organization (VietKings).Phat Diem stone cathedral - a precious jewel with Asian-European architectural beauty, is one of the 5 most famous ancient churches over 100 years old recognized by Vietnam Record Organization (VietKings).
"Phat Diem" means to emit beauty. The name is not only beautiful but also contains an unique in the material as well as the construction architecture. Built during 24 years (1875-1899), the Phat Diem stone cathedral complex was completely constructed by hand with only human resourse and primitive working facilities. Raw materials used are mainly stone (green stone, jade stone) and iron wood. These materials made up the difference between Phat Diem stone cathedral and other churches throughout the country.
The architect of this project is Father Tran Luc or also known as Great grandparent Sau. Being a Vietnamese, but being soon approached by Western Catholic culture, Mr. Sau has personally designed the unique architecture of Phat Diem stone cathedral complex. On the whole, we will see a complex of modern Catholic churches but bearing the typical pagoda architecture of the Eastern people.
The most special thing of Phat Diem stone cathedral which makes it hard to forget that it is the quintessential artistic pattern. Under the talented hands of the artisans, the patterns are carved directly onto the monoliths, without cutting. Images of Jesus, crucifix, rosary, or images of Gods ... combined with images of lotus, Chinese characters, "Long-Ly-Quy-Phung" or four noble "Tung-Cuc- Truc-Mai ”... carved into harmonious columns, trusses, porches and arches. It can be said that the complex of Phat Diem stone cathedral is the symbol of the encounter between the traditinal Catholicism and belief of the Vietnamese nation.
If visitors have the opportunity to come to Ninh Binh, you should visit the complex of Phat Diem stone cathedral - a masterpiece of architecture and art. This is really a must-see attraction of domestic and international visitors.
Source: Trans: Hai Van, Photo: Xuan Lam